Dry Film Thickness Measurement On Non-Metal Substrates Reply

Film thickness is an important type of measurement for many manufacturing and research facilities. Variations in the thickness of a paint or coating can influence a multitude of properties affecting the final product including color, gloss, hardness, adhesion, scratch resistance, and a host of others. In order to attain the desired properties of a coating, the correct film thickness must be achieved. There are several ways to measure film thickness, both in the wet and dry phase of application. Wet film thickness gages such as interchemical and comb type gages can be used to measure the thickness of a coating before it has been cured. More often however, research and quality control departments want to know the thickness of a coating after it has cured.

Instruments for measuring the thickness of a dry coating can be split into two categories; destructive and non-destructive. Destructive film thickness tests involve cutting through the coating down to the substrate, often with the help of a specialized blade, and then looking at the layers under a microscope to determine the thickness. The drawback of this method is obvious: the product must be destroyed in order to take the measurement. In addition, destructive film thickness measurements are usually more time consuming than other types of thickness measurements. Generally preferred is a non-destructive method using what is typically called a dry film thickness or DFT gage. Most DFT gages operate using one of two measurement principles that can measure the thickness of a film applied to a metal substrate. The measurement principle used depends on whether the substrate is “ferrous”, meaning it contains iron and is typically magnetic, like steel, or “non-ferrous” meaning the substrate does not contain iron and is not magnetic, like aluminum. A dry film thickness gage is generally selected based on whether the substrate is ferrous or non-ferrous, and there are many gages available that contain both measurement principles for measuring on any type of metal substrate.

Much trickier is measuring dry film thickness on a non-metal substrate such as plastic. For non-destructive film thickness tests on these types of substrates, a different type of gage is needed. The PosiTector 200 uses a sonic principle to measure dry film thickness. This operates similar to sonar; sound waves are sent through the material, and the reflected sound waves are measured. Whenever a material of a different density is encountered the reflection will change, telling the gage it has reached the substrate or a different type of coating. By using this measurement principle the PosiTector 200 can measure film thickness on a wide range of non-metal substrates, and unlike typical DFT gages it can even differentiate between different layers of coatings, measuring the thickness of up to three layers at once.

Dry film thickness measurement of a clear coat on
plastic headlamp covers using the PosiTector 200.

One such application involves automotive headlamps. A hard protective clear coat is applied to the clear plastic of the headlamp in order to protect it from weathering and abrasion. It is crucial that the clear plastic remains clear so as to not obstruct the light beams. In order to achieve this, the clear coat must be applied at a specified thickness; thick enough that it retains the protective qualities of the coating, but thin enough that the coating remains smooth and clear. Since this coating is applied on clear plastic rather than metal, a typical DFT gage will not work for this application. However, tests have shown that the PosiTector 200 is very effective at measuring the thickness of the clear coat, alleviating the necessity of destroying the product in order to measure it. This instrument can save not only time by taking quicker measurements, but money as well by not wasting product. If your company has a need to measure dry film thickness on a non-metal substrate, be sure to talk with your BYK-Gardner representative about free sample testing today.

Transparent Sheets Reply

Visit the Measure What You See Blog 

Learn More about testing on transparent Sheets with Weathering, Abrasion Resistance, Transmission Haze, Wiper Resistance, and Yellowness.

Light weight and high design flexibility make transparent plastic sheets attractive for use as “organic glass” in many different applications, e.g., noise barriers, green houses, sport arenas, sky domes, solar panels or bus stop shelters. In addition, rigidity and impact resistance of acrylic (PMMA) and polycarbonate (PC) sheets were optimized expanding its usage for safety and architectural glazing as well […]

via Transparent Sheets — Measure What You See

NEW BYK-Gardner Digital Catalog 2016 Reply

Visit Measure What You See to learn more about the new BYK-Gardner Digital Catalog. Use the link there to download your copy today.

Measure What You See

The 2016 BYK-Gardner Catalog with new color, appearance and physical test products, new application stories for trouble shooting, new free services for continuing education, new practical tips how to set tolerances and perform tests including an update on international standards is now available in a downloadable digital format.

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byko-drive XL – Automatic Film Applicator with the most flexible design to perform drawdowns of coating and inks Reply

BYK-Gardner, a global leader in the field of measuring color and appearance and testing physical properties of plastic, coatings and cosmetics is introducing the bykodrive XL Automatic Film Applicator.

Dry film appearance is influenced by drawdown speed and pressure applied to drawdown applicator.  The byko-drive XL offers precise speed and pressure control to produce consist drawdown results.  Two models are available: one designed with a vacuum plate or another model with a glass plate.  The byko-drive XL is an international testing device with universal power supply, 8 selectable menu languages, measurement units in metric or English scale, and CE/UL/CSA certification.  More…

temp-gard Oven Temperature Recorder Reply

The temp-gard is an innovative oven temperature recorder from BYK-Gardner. It has a large color display that includes a convenient temperature graph, which enables rapid access to the measurement results.  Data can be transferred via a USB memory stick, so there is no need for probe changes between runs. The BYK-Gardner temp-gard is highly accurate and long-term stability is guaranteed. It is robust, but light weight, and includes an easy-to-carry thermal barrier. The following video gives an overview of the temp-gard, its barrier, and its probes.

Consistent quality control needs an OBJECTIVE EYE!

BYK-Gardner offers complete quality control solutions for your application in coatings. For more information visit BYK.com.

 

 

 

Industrial Coatings – A fascinating decoration Reply

Visit Measure What You See to learn about Industrial Coatings… Color, flow & Leveling, temperature.

https://measurewhatyousee.com/2017/01/20/industrial-coatings-a-fascinating-decoration/

 

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Patchwork might be good for quilts but certainly not for coated industrial goods. As many finished products consist of multiple components which are manufactured by different suppliers and at different locations, uniformity of color and appearance is crucial. Not only the paint batches need to be delivered with consistent quality, but also the production process of the finished product needs to be controlled.

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Temperature Measurement Reply

 “Caution Hot!” Not only hot beverages should be handled with care, but this is also true for baked coating systems used in today’s mass production. Optimum curing is the prerequisite to achieve the high mechanical and appearance QC requirements specified for finished products. In order to avoid rejects and ensure consistent quality, the exact temperature profile of the baking oven must be controlled on a routine schedule.

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FREE BYK-Gardner Color Webinar Reply

Check out the latest Webinar offered by BYK-Gardner for their customers around the world!

Measure What You See

Color Systems for Solid Colors

May 25, 2016, 10am Eastern Time

(Available in different time zones around the world here)

Which color system is the best?

A  question with not just one answer!

Color control has historically been done by visually inspecting the samples and comparing them to a standard. The disadvantage of this process is its subjectivity. In 1976, the internationally agreed upon CIEL*a*b* system was adopted for more objectivity. Since then, several modifications of the CIEL*a*b* color equation like ΔE*CMC, ΔE*94, ΔE*2000 were introduced. The goal of the modifications was to improve the correlation between visual perception and instrumentally measured values. In this seminar, you will find out the strong and weak points of the different color equations with typical applications.

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